Brake Pad Replacement

  • The car has to be completely cooled down before anything is done. Heat expands the metal alloys that the pads are made of which means the size has increased slightly. The mechanic also needs to wait for the car to cool down so that his hands don’t burn whilst replacing the brake parts.
  • The mechanic will loosen the lug nuts to remove the hub cap from the wheel. He will lift the car at least thirty centimetres from the floor. Then he will place bricks or wedges behind the other wheels so that the car doesn’t roll away. Two wheels can be done at a time by placing two jacks on either side of the car. A fellow mechanic will usually assist with this process.
  • The mechanic will now completely remove the lug nuts and the wheel to begin the mainpad replacement process.
  • The calliper bolts will be removed to access the brake pads. The calliper needs to be removed in order to get to the rotor. The calliper assembly will still have a brake line that attaches to the system and careful procedure will have to be used when dealing with this assembly.
  • The brake pads can now be safely removed by either sliding them out or popping them out. The mechanic will also replace the clips that attach the pads with new ones.
  • The new brake pads can now be fitted on. First, braking grease will be applied to the back of the pads as lubrication to avoid friction and high temperatures.
  • The mechanic will place the new brake pad the same way he removed the previous one.
  • He will then need to place the calliper back on to the rotor. The calliper might not fit onto the part and will need to be fixed using the brake tools.

UTE Maintenance

The first thing is to locate your dipstick, in a manual vehicle there is only one, but an auto will also have one for the transmission fluid so be sure the verify which one it is engine oil before filling. (It should say on the top). It is usually colored plastic knob that is formed into a loop or has a rounded top that your finger can fit through to make it easier to pull out.

Use a clean cloth or paper towel to wipe the end clean so you can inspect it and tell where the fill and empty lines.

Insert the dipstick back into the engine, then pull it out again. The dipstick will go down into the engine sump and tells you how much oil is there.

You can then read how much oil is there. The ideal oil level is at the full mark. If the oil is above the halfway mark it is safe to leave it as there will be enough oil, but take note of this and check the level again after a few 100km.

If it is below the halfway mark, then add the recommended oil for your engine. (Diesel engine oil has special cleaners added to deal with any carbon build up. Petrol engines have different additives) It is best to add only 200ml at a time and then recheck and add a bit more if needed to ensure you do not overfill the engine (A very slight overfill is generally OK)

If you have your vehicle serviced at the manufactures recommended times and check the oil regularly and suddenly it has fallen it may be because you have gone past the service life of the oil and it is advisable to have it serviced and checked at a mechanic shop

Check the transmission oil in the same way and use the recommended transmission fluid.

The brake reservoir is on top of, or very near, the brake master cylinder, a clear white plastic screw top container with a viewing area so you can check the fluid level and top up if needed.

Cooling System

Check the coolant in the radiator (do not use plain water as an adequate anticorrosive is needed to stop electrolysis.

Check the visual condition of the rubber hoses around the cooling system and squeeze them to ensure the hoses are firm and have not gone soft.

Electrical System

With the assistance of another person who is outside the Ute to monitor the lights check their operation.

Check the indicators, park and brake lights as well as reversing and number plate light. It is also important to ensure your Headlights are working, both full beam and dipped as well as spotlights.

Check that all the instrument lights are working on the dashboard usually these will all light up when you turn on the ignition to the 2nd stage just before it activated the starter motor.

Check the horn and that all power windows operate correctly, it is important they work without the motor running in emergency conditions.

Engine Belts

Check the condition of the drive belts between the engine and Alternator, some vehicles have several belts, driving the air-con, pump the power brake pump, water pump. If your Ute is fitted with a back tray, not a molded body, it may have a hydraulic lift pump connected to the engine or a separate electric hydraulic pump, the fluids and any belts of these need to be checked as well.

Filters; Fuel, Oil and Air

It is important to have a clean air cleaner, especially if you travel in dusty areas. Remove the cleaner and blow compressed air through it to remove any dust. If it is really soiled there are companies that clean them or you can purchase a new one. Many vehicles are now fitted with pollen and dust filters on the air-conditioning system so these also need to be checked and cleaned where necessary

The fuel filter needs to be changed regularly as it can become clogged from contaminants in the fuel and any moisture in your tank, see the manufacturer’s instructions.

The oil filter is best left up to your service center unless you have adequate facilities to collect and deal with the waste oil (this can be very messy).

Carry Out Cracked Windshield

Crack Details

As regard the repair, the first step you need to take is to assess the level of the damage. Basically, there are two features in a crack.
1. The pit site: this is the point where a hard object hits the glass. Here, some pieces of glass will have been broken into particles.
2. The impact site: this is the overall surface of the damage.

More so, the crack might be deep or shallow. If it is deep, the ultra-tight seal or layer between the two sheets of glass in the windshield will have been damaged.

The DIY Approach

If you have any repair kits, try to measure the crack’s diameter. As long as the measurement does not exceed twelve inches, it can be repaired. Above that limit, any attempted repair will eventually fracture the glass at a very fast rate.

Make sure you have a manual that will show you a step-by-step approach to fixing the problem. You will also need high-quality sealing compounds that you can apply to the cracked surface. After the application, leave it for 15 – 30 minutes for a proper glass-curing process.

Expert Help

Alternatively, you can hire an expert to fix the problem. However, you should consider the following factors before you opt for the services of any auto maintenance firm out there:

* It should have a good track record on expertise.
* Its repair services should come with approved insurance.
* The repair services should be fast, reliable, and professional.
* The quote should be affordable.

Electric Car Conversion

Before starting, you need to know the benefits of converting your car. The biggest benefit is that you save money, because you do not depend on gas any more. But did you know that you save even more money because there are less car parts that need maintenance.

Another benefit is that you are driving an eco-friendly car. Keeping the environment pollution free is always good benefit.

Electric car conversion, here is what you need to do:

First thing you need to get is a car kit. Custom car kits are available for specific vehicles and there are also universal kits, which can be installed in various vehicles, that have the same built and weight.

Clean your car first, then you will have to carefully remove the engine from the car and install electric motor in its place. There are two motors available that you can use, the AC or DC motor. Self converted cars often have a DC controller and a DC motor.

DC (direct current) motors are easier to install and are more affordable.

One of the last steps you need to take are to install batteries that will supply the power; you can put these in your trunk, some people put them under the hood. After this step you should attach the adapter plate.

That is a quick overview of the steps you need to take and it can be done in one day.