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Category Archives: Automotive

Explaining Ethanol-Fueled Car

Ethanol Fuel

Ethanol is essentially an alcohol fuel. It is extracted from plants, like corn and sugarcane, and then refined into an alcohol. This alcohol is the ethanol fuel! Ethyl alcohol fuels is known best for its high octane and performance levels, increased torque, and improved horsepower; which is why several national racing teams use it for competitions.

It can be used to power ethanol engines, hybrid cars, flex-fuel engines, and other vehicles too! Its works in the same way that gasoline does, by injecting fuel straight into the engine. It’s cheaper than standard oil-based fuels, and it produces substantially less air pollution than gasoline when burned. There are a few downsides to ethyl alcohol fuel, like the fact that it get slightly less gas mileage. But this is combatted with cheaper fuel costs!

Ethanol fuel usage has climbed the charts, drastically, in the past twelve years. It was recorded that ethanol fuel use was around 1.7 billion gallons, while just a few years ago it exceeded 13 billion! Many gas stations now offer ethanol fuel as an option. It is a wonderful alternative to gasoline because it produces less air pollution and costs less to fill a tank. Although gas mileage is not the best, ethyl alcohol fuel is a fantastic start to eco-friendly awareness and productivity. We should expect many vehicles to run on ethanol-based fuels in the future!

Key Differences Between Ethanol and Gasoline:

  • Ethanol comes from corn. Gas comes from fossils.
  • Ethanol is a more environmentally friendly fuel option.
  • Ethanol is water soluble and biodegradable.
  • Ethanol can only be used in specially-designed vehicles.

Detect Fake Towing Professionals

Towing Scams

There are different kinds of cars present in the road i.e. small cars or heavy trucks used to carry loads. It is also a fact that accidents can happen anytime and you will need a reliable company who can take you out of this mess. Have a look at the few most obvious scams which you may experience:-

• A false company will park your vehicle in an unknown place and they won’t give it to you unless you pay inflated charges.

• Few of the towing companies also have a contract with the auto body shops which will charge you more if you get your vehicle repaired from them. This is one of the most obvious scams which most of the people meet. You should have the right to choose your own auto repair shop.

• Unauthorized towing companies make use of fake documents to get business from innocent people. They give you an assurance that they will tow your vehicle to a place safely. However, it is not always true.

It is a very easy task to find a reliable company. Be very careful while making a choice. Here are the following tips you should always keep in mind when you are looking for a towing company:-

#1

Check all the documents i.e. insurance coverage, license along with supporting documents that will make sure that the company is honest.

#2

Read the details of the contract before signing up with them. It should include the price details and services which they are offering. Signing a contract means you have less chance of a scam.

#3

Your towing contractor should follow all the rules and regulations. Furthermore, they should also charge an affordable price for the services. Keep all these tips in mind to choose the most reliable professional for the task.

Car Radiator

Coolant

The radiator doesn’t manage the heat levels in your engine all alone; the heat exchange process is coupled with the utilization of a well-known, heat-absorbing liquid called coolant. Coolant must be replaced in your radiator on a routine basis in order to maintain a properly-functioning radiator and engine. Coolant is also known as anti-freeze, because it also prevents the engine from freezing up in cold weather.

How They Operate

A radiator is typically made from aluminum because it is a terrific heat-dissipating metal and low in weight. But it can be made from steel and other metals as well. Radiators work by sending coolant through the inner components of the engine to absorb heat; and once enough heat is absorbed, the coolant travels back to the radiator to be cooled down, and the cycle continues as you drive.

A Little History

Before coolant was used, water was poured into radiators. But as automotive and aeronautics industries grew in technology, engines became too powerful for just water. It would boil too quickly and damage other components of the vehicle. Commercial coolant use was introduced shortly after the Second World War, and is now a readily-available product on the market. It can withstand much higher boiling points, making it effective and economical.

Common Repairs

The most common issues with radiators are leaks. Coolant leaks can cause poor performance, overheating engines, and sludge inside the radiator. All this can damage many other areas of the car. A frequent cause for coolant leaks is broken coolant tubing. Annual car maintenance and inspection can catch small problems like this early on, before they turn into costly repairs.

Faulty Brakes

  • Locking Brakes

This is what you experience when the brakes lock when you apply light pressure. This can be a bit scary but the most likely reason for this may be that there is grease or oil on the brake linings. The worst case scenario might be that there are broken components and this could mean that the brakes would fail in an emergency situation.

  • Low Pedal

This is when the brake pedal is low and you have to press really deep for the brakes to activate. The brake pedal may touch the floor in such a case and this could be an issue. It is best to get the brakes checked soonest to identify the problem.

  • Noisy Brakes

If you hear a distant whistling or a type of squeaking noise then it could indicate that the brake pads or linings are worn. This is a warning sign that you need to respond to quickly.

  • Sticking Brake Pedal

If your brake pedal gets stuck when you try to apply pressure to it and it fails to release, it could mean that the master cylinder is faulty. This issue must not be left like this for too long because it can cause serious damage which could lead to expensive repairs and total brake failure.

Advancing Reality of Hybrid Cars

The answer is exciting when you stop to think about the amount of development money and time that could really go into the market if these companies realize that there’s money to be made. When the consumers react and a dozen or more different brands hit the market in competition, the need to step up and offer bigger, better models to stay ahead of the curve will breed the kind of technology race that the auto industry hasn’t seen since the 1970s.

Recent reports released by the UN and the global scientific community state that with CO2 output as it currently stands, worldwide temperatures will rise by nearly 6 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. There are still hold outs on the consensus that technologies such as the automobile are causing harm to our planet, but as more and more come to the realization that this is a reality, the corporations will react accordingly. And if the government takes the steps to curb emissions and raise CAFE standards, it’s entirely likely that the industry might start to shift much of their focus to the hybrid car market in an attempt to curb the inevitable downturn in their profits.

Domestic Car Repair

Research the domestic repair shop

It is always smart to research every domestic car repair shop that is on your list. It is your biggest arsenal against devious mechanics. A thorough and intensive check should be conducted through all avenues-the Internet, Better Business Bureau, word of mouth, etc. Verify whether it is an insurance approved accident repair centre or not; what is its reputation; are there any complaints or praises for its mechanics at sites like the Better Business Bureau etc. This research alone would go a long way in weaning out the bad ones.

Ask for recommendations

Nothing works better than the recommendation of a person who had actually availed the services of the car repair shop. With most of your friends, families, and neighbors owning a car, it is not too difficult to get the feedback about their vehicle repair shops. Next rank these recommendations based on how long they have trusted that shop with their car repairs. For example, if a shop is being used by a person for ten years, it is more credible than the shop used for just a couple of months.

Ask plenty of questions

Ensure that you paying a visit to the garage and having a word with the mechanic preferably on the face. If not feasible, speak over the phone. While talking with him, do not hesitate to ask plenty of questions. The questions can cover topics like the pricing, guarantees or warranties, the mechanic’s experience, any awards won by them, their way of handling customer complaints, etc. While at it, also enquire about the repair work that you require. Asking these questions will make it apparent to the mechanic that you are deeply involved with your car and you are not going to be an easy target to take advantage of. If you feel any hesitancy or lack cooperation from the mechanic, red flag the garage the move forward. The chances are that you would be the perfect bait for a swindle there.

Show an interest in your car

Try not to dump your car at the garage and move to the office. Staying with your car would force the mechanic to ask for your permission before going ahead with any unnecessary repair work than what was planned. Thus, it would also give you the opportunity to ask for a detailed explanation of the repair and the need for it. You can also inform beforehand about seeking permission before any extra repair work is executed. This would let the mechanic know that are quite alert to our car and mend his way early.

Brake Pad Replacement

  • The car has to be completely cooled down before anything is done. Heat expands the metal alloys that the pads are made of which means the size has increased slightly. The mechanic also needs to wait for the car to cool down so that his hands don’t burn whilst replacing the brake parts.
  • The mechanic will loosen the lug nuts to remove the hub cap from the wheel. He will lift the car at least thirty centimetres from the floor. Then he will place bricks or wedges behind the other wheels so that the car doesn’t roll away. Two wheels can be done at a time by placing two jacks on either side of the car. A fellow mechanic will usually assist with this process.
  • The mechanic will now completely remove the lug nuts and the wheel to begin the mainpad replacement process.
  • The calliper bolts will be removed to access the brake pads. The calliper needs to be removed in order to get to the rotor. The calliper assembly will still have a brake line that attaches to the system and careful procedure will have to be used when dealing with this assembly.
  • The brake pads can now be safely removed by either sliding them out or popping them out. The mechanic will also replace the clips that attach the pads with new ones.
  • The new brake pads can now be fitted on. First, braking grease will be applied to the back of the pads as lubrication to avoid friction and high temperatures.
  • The mechanic will place the new brake pad the same way he removed the previous one.
  • He will then need to place the calliper back on to the rotor. The calliper might not fit onto the part and will need to be fixed using the brake tools.

UTE Maintenance

The first thing is to locate your dipstick, in a manual vehicle there is only one, but an auto will also have one for the transmission fluid so be sure the verify which one it is engine oil before filling. (It should say on the top). It is usually colored plastic knob that is formed into a loop or has a rounded top that your finger can fit through to make it easier to pull out.

Use a clean cloth or paper towel to wipe the end clean so you can inspect it and tell where the fill and empty lines.

Insert the dipstick back into the engine, then pull it out again. The dipstick will go down into the engine sump and tells you how much oil is there.

You can then read how much oil is there. The ideal oil level is at the full mark. If the oil is above the halfway mark it is safe to leave it as there will be enough oil, but take note of this and check the level again after a few 100km.

If it is below the halfway mark, then add the recommended oil for your engine. (Diesel engine oil has special cleaners added to deal with any carbon build up. Petrol engines have different additives) It is best to add only 200ml at a time and then recheck and add a bit more if needed to ensure you do not overfill the engine (A very slight overfill is generally OK)

If you have your vehicle serviced at the manufactures recommended times and check the oil regularly and suddenly it has fallen it may be because you have gone past the service life of the oil and it is advisable to have it serviced and checked at a mechanic shop

Check the transmission oil in the same way and use the recommended transmission fluid.

The brake reservoir is on top of, or very near, the brake master cylinder, a clear white plastic screw top container with a viewing area so you can check the fluid level and top up if needed.

Cooling System

Check the coolant in the radiator (do not use plain water as an adequate anticorrosive is needed to stop electrolysis.

Check the visual condition of the rubber hoses around the cooling system and squeeze them to ensure the hoses are firm and have not gone soft.

Electrical System

With the assistance of another person who is outside the Ute to monitor the lights check their operation.

Check the indicators, park and brake lights as well as reversing and number plate light. It is also important to ensure your Headlights are working, both full beam and dipped as well as spotlights.

Check that all the instrument lights are working on the dashboard usually these will all light up when you turn on the ignition to the 2nd stage just before it activated the starter motor.

Check the horn and that all power windows operate correctly, it is important they work without the motor running in emergency conditions.

Engine Belts

Check the condition of the drive belts between the engine and Alternator, some vehicles have several belts, driving the air-con, pump the power brake pump, water pump. If your Ute is fitted with a back tray, not a molded body, it may have a hydraulic lift pump connected to the engine or a separate electric hydraulic pump, the fluids and any belts of these need to be checked as well.

Filters; Fuel, Oil and Air

It is important to have a clean air cleaner, especially if you travel in dusty areas. Remove the cleaner and blow compressed air through it to remove any dust. If it is really soiled there are companies that clean them or you can purchase a new one. Many vehicles are now fitted with pollen and dust filters on the air-conditioning system so these also need to be checked and cleaned where necessary

The fuel filter needs to be changed regularly as it can become clogged from contaminants in the fuel and any moisture in your tank, see the manufacturer’s instructions.

The oil filter is best left up to your service center unless you have adequate facilities to collect and deal with the waste oil (this can be very messy).

Carry Out Cracked Windshield

Crack Details

As regard the repair, the first step you need to take is to assess the level of the damage. Basically, there are two features in a crack.
1. The pit site: this is the point where a hard object hits the glass. Here, some pieces of glass will have been broken into particles.
2. The impact site: this is the overall surface of the damage.

More so, the crack might be deep or shallow. If it is deep, the ultra-tight seal or layer between the two sheets of glass in the windshield will have been damaged.

The DIY Approach

If you have any repair kits, try to measure the crack’s diameter. As long as the measurement does not exceed twelve inches, it can be repaired. Above that limit, any attempted repair will eventually fracture the glass at a very fast rate.

Make sure you have a manual that will show you a step-by-step approach to fixing the problem. You will also need high-quality sealing compounds that you can apply to the cracked surface. After the application, leave it for 15 – 30 minutes for a proper glass-curing process.

Expert Help

Alternatively, you can hire an expert to fix the problem. However, you should consider the following factors before you opt for the services of any auto maintenance firm out there:

* It should have a good track record on expertise.
* Its repair services should come with approved insurance.
* The repair services should be fast, reliable, and professional.
* The quote should be affordable.

Electric Car Conversion

Before starting, you need to know the benefits of converting your car. The biggest benefit is that you save money, because you do not depend on gas any more. But did you know that you save even more money because there are less car parts that need maintenance.

Another benefit is that you are driving an eco-friendly car. Keeping the environment pollution free is always good benefit.

Electric car conversion, here is what you need to do:

First thing you need to get is a car kit. Custom car kits are available for specific vehicles and there are also universal kits, which can be installed in various vehicles, that have the same built and weight.

Clean your car first, then you will have to carefully remove the engine from the car and install electric motor in its place. There are two motors available that you can use, the AC or DC motor. Self converted cars often have a DC controller and a DC motor.

DC (direct current) motors are easier to install and are more affordable.

One of the last steps you need to take are to install batteries that will supply the power; you can put these in your trunk, some people put them under the hood. After this step you should attach the adapter plate.

That is a quick overview of the steps you need to take and it can be done in one day.